hurongwa hwechikoro muCanada

Chii chinonzi chikoro system muCanada?

Canada ndiyo imwe yenyika dzakadzidza zvakanyanya pasi rose. Muna 2015, 90% yevanhu muCanada vane makore 25 kusvika 64 vakanga vapedza chikoro chavo chesekondari, uye 66% vakanga vawana dzidzo yepashure-secondary.

Canada ine yakasimba, yakawanda inotarisirwa uye inodzidziswa-zvakanaka sisitimu yedzidzo yeruzhinji. Nekudaro, zvimwe zvinhu zvehurongwa hwedzidzo muCanada zvinogona kusiyana pakati pematunhu. Nekudaro, sehurongwa hwedzidzo hunotarisirwa nehurumende yemubatanidzwa yeCanada, muyero wedzidzo unoramba wakakwikwidza kumusoro kwenyika. Kwese pamusoro peChikoro uye dzidzo system muCanada yakanaka uye inodhura.

Iyo yechikoro system muCanada

Kune yeruzhinji uye yakazvimirira dzidzo system muCanada. Hurumende yeCanada inopa rubatsiro kubva kukireshi kusvika padanho resekondari, uye inoshandisa paavhareji ingangoita 6% yeGDP yayo padzidzo. Izvi zvinoreva kuti Canada inoshandisa zvakaenzana zvakanyanya padzidzo kupfuura avhareji pakati penyika dzeOECD.

Verenga zvakawanda pazasi, comment, kana taura nesu kana mune mibvunzo.

Kazhinji kutaura, iyo dzidzo system yakakamurwa kuita matatu nhanho:

  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Post-yechipiri

Dzidzo yakasarudzika uye mamwe masosi echikoro - semuenzaniso, zvikoro zvechitendero - zvinowanikwawo pamatanho ese matatu.

Dzidzo muCanada inowanikwa kune vana gore ravanosvitsa mashanu (kunze kweOntario neQuebec, uko vana vangangotanga gore rapfuura). Zvichienderana nedunhu, kindergarten inogona kunge ichisarudzika. Tafura iripazasi inoratidza, kazhinji kutaura, mazera ari pakati pevana anodikanwa kuenda kuchikoro (ona kuti zvinodiwa zvinogona kusiyanisa dzimba dzekudzidzira, izvo zviri pamutemo kuCanada kwese).

ProvinceZera redzidzo yekumanikidza
AlbertaZvitanhatu kusvika 16
British ColumbiaZvitanhatu kusvika 16
ManitobaManomwe kusvika 18
New BrunswickVashanu kusvika 18
NewfoundlandZvitanhatu kusvika 16
Northwest TerritoriesVashanu kusvika 18
Nova ScotiaVashanu kusvika 16
OntarioZvitanhatu kusvika 18
Prince Edward IslandVashanu kusvika 16
QuebecZvitanhatu kusvika 16
SaskatchewanManomwe kusvika 16
YukonZvitanhatu kusvika 16

Dzidzo Yekutanga

Iyo inozivikanwa zvakare sepuraimari, iri danho rinotangira kubva kuKindergarten kana Giredhi 1 (makore matanhatu kusvika manomwe) uye inomhanya kusvika kuGiredhi 8 (makore gumi kusvika gumi nemana). Gore rechikoro rinowanzo kumhanya kubva munaGunyana kusvika kunaJune anotevera.

Secondary Education

Sekondari Dzidzo zvakare inozivikanwa se chikoro chepamusoro, padanho iri inomhanya kubva paGrade 9 (makore gumi kusvika gumi neshanu) kusvika Giredhi 14 (makore 15 kusvika 12). Ontario ine Giredhi 17+. Vadzidzi vanopinda chikoro chepamusoro kusvika zera regumi nematanhatu. Yevanhu-yakabhadharwa mari-makore maviri koreji uko vadzidzi vangateedzere diploma yekugadzirira yunivhesiti.

Post-sekondari Dzidzo

Canada ine yakakura network yemakoreji nemayunivhesiti, inopa yakanakisa post-sekondari dzidzo system pasirese.

Canada ine zvirongwa zveyunivhesiti zvepasi rese zviri munzvimbo dzese dzemumaguta nekumaruwa munyika yese. Madhigirii akapihwa kubva kuCanada mayunivhesiti anoonekwa seakaenzana neaya anobva kumamwe mayunivhesiti epasirese.

Gore reyunivhesiti rinonyanya kumhanya kubva munaGunyana kusvika Kubvumbi kana Chivabvu uye rinoumbwa nemasemita maviri kana mazwi. Post-sekondari masangano anogona kupa sarudzo yekutora makosi muchitatu semester mukati memwedzi yezhizha.

Dzidzo muChirungu neFrench

Vadzidzi vazhinji vepasirese vangasarudza kudzidza mune imwe yemitauro miviri yepamutemo yeCanada. Mamwe masangano anogona kupa kurairirwa mumitauro miviri kana inopfuura, kunyangwe vadzidzi vasiri vechokwadi kuti vanogona kunyatsoziva mitauro miviri kuti vaende kuchikoro chero padanho muCanada.

Pakati peCanada yakawanda, mutauro wekutanga wechikoro-chikamu chikamu ndiChirungu. Zvisinei, dzidzo yemutauro wechiFrench inowanikwawo munyika yose. Mutauro mukuru wekurairirwa, chiFrench kana Chirungu semutauro wechipiri unowanzo dzidziswa kubva pazera diki.

Pane zvisaririra pasi pekuti mwana anogona kuwana gwaro rekukodzera kuti agamuchire kurairirwa mumutauro (chirungu):

  •  Amai vemwana kana baba vakaita zvidzidzo zvepuraimari muChirungu muCanada;
  • Kana vanin'ina vako, vakagamuchira chikamu chikuru chedzidzo yepuraimari kana sekondari kuraira muchiChirungu kuCanada (kana amai vemwana kana baba mugari wemuCanada);
  •  Mumwe amai vevadzidzi kana baba vakapinda chikoro muQuebec mushure maAugust 26, 1977, uye vangadai vakanzi vanokodzera kurairirwa muChirungu panguva iyoyo (kana amai vemwana kana baba mugari wemuCanada).

Uye zvakare, vana vane vabereki vari muQuebec kwechinguva (semuenzaniso, pabasa kana mvumo yekudzidza), vanogona kuenda kuchikoro muChirungu.

Zvisinei, apo vanhu vatsva kuCanada vanogara muQuebec, vana vavo vanofanirwa kuenda kuchikoro chevanhu vose muFrench. saka izvi zvese ndezve chikoro uye dzidzo system muCanada.

Canada mamwe mafomu ekuchikoro
1. Zvikoro Zvekudzidzisa

Vadzidzi vanowanzo kupihwa mukana wekudzidza basa kana hunyanzvi kuzvikoro zvehunyanzvi zvakapararira muCanada, pamusoro pemakoreji enharaunda anopa dzidziso yekudzidzira. Makore apfuura, masevhisi akadaro aisada kuti vadzidzi vabate diploma rechikoro chepamusoro, asi mumakore achangopfuura, zvinhu zvachinja zvakanyanya.

 

Zvikoro zvehunyanzvi zvinokurudzira vadzidzi veCanada pasi pemukuru ane hunyanzvi uye ane ruzivo kuti vadzidze bhizimusi ravanofarira uye vawane ruzivo rwechokwadi.

Makore echikoro anoshanda sei muCanada?

Kwemakore angangoita gumi, kudzidza kumatunhu ese eCanada kunomanikidzwa. Kumanikidza chikoro kunotangira pazera re10 kana 5 muGrade 6, uye kupedzisa kuchikoro chepamusoro pane imwe nguva. Vadzidzi vanofanirwa kuenda kuchikoro kusvika zera regumi nematanhatu mumatunhu mazhinji (kutenderedza Giredhi 1).

MuCanada, dzidzo yechikoro yemahara?

Muchikoro cheveruzhinji cheCanada, chikoro chemahara chevadzidzi vese. Zvichienderana nedunhu kana ndima, vana vanofanirwa kuenda kuchikoro kusvika makore gumi nematanhatu kana gumi nemasere.

MuCanada, yunivhesiti inoshanda sei?

Matatu madhiri anopiwa neCanada dzidzo sisitimu: bachelor's, tenzi, uye doctorate madhigirii. Unogamuchirwa, semudzidzi wepasi rese, kupedzisa zvese kana chikamu chedzidzo yako muCanada. Kune zvakare ruzhinji uye akazvimirira mayunivhesiti, sekune dzimwe nyika.

Independent Dzidzo

MuCanada, zvikoro zvakazvimiririra zvinowanzovhurwa, zvichireva kuti izvo zvikoro zvisina kubhadharwa nehurumende, uye dzimwe nguva zvinouya nemitengo inorema. Icho chisarudzo chemubereki nemudzidzi kusarudza kuti ino isirositi yakakodzera kwavari kuti vagadzire kana kwete.

Vamwe vabereki vanonzwa sekunge, nekuda kwezvikonzero zvega, vana vavo vanoda makirasi madiki, kutariswa kwakanyanya, kana kuda kuvaendesa kune chimwe chikoro. Avo vasingade kudzidza muchiFrench uye vanokwanisa kuzvigaro vanogara vachisarudza chikoro chega chega muQuebec.

Zvitendero Makoreji

Vazhinji vanoda kuendesa vana vavo kuzvikoro zvechitendero zveCanada vanofanirwa, kune chikamu chikuru, kuvatumira kuzvikoro zvakazvimiririra kunze kwezvimwe zvikoro zveKaturike. Dzidziso mbiri dzechikoro dzakajairika nedzidziso dzechitendero zvinowirirana nekutenda kwakasarudzika kwechikoro zvinodzidziswa nezvikoro izvi.


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